Delicious food and plenty of alcohol to painful attacks of Gout lead. It is so far, should be certain food only rarely on the menu: meat, oily fish, or beer. But also Smoothies and some vegetables should go move out of the way.
There is hardly a disease in which the diet so strongly influenced, whether they be prevented, mitigated or cured. The speech is from gout, a metabolic disorder, with sudden attacks of severe pain in the joints is noticeable. Triggers are crystals deposits of uric acid. These occur when to much uric acid floating in the blood. That happens when the kidney is capable of certain food components to excrete the Purines.
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The gout risks: Obesity, sumptuous food and alcohol
Well over a Million people in Germany suffer from gout, men significantly more often than women. In common a predisposition to high uric acid levels. A healthy value should be in women under the age of six milligrams per deciliter of blood, in men under seven milligrams. The uric acid concentration of eight milligrams, is a so-called hyperuricemia and the gout risk increases significantly.
To the genetic predisposition, the kidneys Purines can not be eliminated sufficiently, in addition to for many individuals that they like to eat a lot and drink. , Purinreiche food and a lot of alcohol the classic risk factors for gout are obesity.
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Nutritional experts warn of strict diet
Earlier the patient was prescribed a strict diet. You should completely and permanently renounce all purinhaltigen food and drinks. Today, nutritional experts are more relaxed. A radical diet, or fasting, they advise in the case of gout even. When Starving ketone to be formed in the body, which can trigger a gout attack.
The modern gout diet allows for all foods, some, however, should be carefully paid attention to the amount and frequency of consumption: the Purinbomben meats, sausages and oily fish should be in small portions and not every day on the dining plan. Some vegetables gout patients should hold back. Green beans, broccoli, spinach, or the otherwise highly esteemed legumes are very purinreich.
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Not only meat and fat, but also fruit sugar promote gout
Recent studies have shown that gout is also favored by the consumption of fruit sugar: fructose hinders uric acid excretion. This is less fructose in fresh fruit, but the concentrated or fruit, the sugars in fruit juice, canned fruit, or ice cream.
The Institute for nutritional medicine of the Technical University of Munich has put together the following diet recommendations:
These foods are especially recommended, because you hardly Purines contain (less than 50 milligrams per 100 grams Serving):
- Milk and milk products
- Nuts and seeds
- Vegetables: Lettuce, Tomatoes, Peppers, Radishes, Fennel, Carrots, Cucumber, Zucchini, Onion
- Potatoes, Rice, Pasta,
- Grain products (White and whole grain bread)
These foods should not be daily on the menu. They contain 50 to 150 milligrams of uric acid per 100 grams Serving:
- Vegetables: spinach, asparagus, different varieties of Cabbage, leeks, mushrooms
- Fresh Fruit
- Fish (Plaice, Cod, Redfish)
- Poultry without skin
- Lamb, Pork, Veal
- Sausage, other meat products, Getty Images/iStockphoto
These foods should gout patients avoid using because of the uric acid content of over 150 milligrams per 100 grams Serving:
- Poultry with skin
- Meat Extract, Boullion
- Herring, Sardines, Salmon, Mackerel, Sprats, Anchovies (Anchovies)
- Legumes (green peas, chickpeas, soybeans, lentils)
- Fruit juice, Smoothies and with fructose sweetened food.
Risk Factor Alcohol
Regardless of a disease alcohol is recommended only in moderation. For gout patients more than two glasses per day for men, one glass for women is therefore: under no circumstances. Alcohol promotes uric acid formation and inhibits the uric acid removal by the kidneys. This is especially true for hard liquor. Also beer (even alcohol-free) is particularly unfavourable.