From Diabetes to high blood pressure: What can be learned from your eyes about your health

The eye reflection is used for the early detection of diseases. Typical changes in the retina did not show the eye doctor only if dangerous eyes present diseases, but also on whether the blood fats are elevated or high blood pressure. Often the ophthalmologist is the first person that discovered Diabetes.

The back of the eye says a lot about the state of health of people so the retina (Retina) of the exit point of the optic nerve (optic disc). Examine the power of the skin by eyes mirroring, medical ophthalmoscopy.

“It is the unique and only way, the blood vessels in function, to see in vivo, on living people directly without the need for invasive measure-preserving and a non-contact examination, which would be otherwise only in the case of a surgery,” says Ludger wool ring, press officer for the professional Association of eye physicians and established eye doctor.

The back of the eye shows the current condition of the blood vessels for the entire body

With the view of the retina can control how the blood vessels by bleeding, and are designed, whether they are modified, dense or porous, kinked, corkscrew-like, or whether, for example, metabolic deposits, in addition to the vessels present.

The special feature here: the state of The fine vessels in the back of the eye gives an indication of the condition of the entire blood vessel system. “We see in the blood vessels in the eyes, the background changes, the organs in the kidneys and other body safe as well, which is an important note to family doctors and internists,” explains Ludger wool ring the relationships.

Blood vessels are altered by many diseases in a certain way

These observations are important because some diseases change the blood vessels, the fundus of the eye to detect. This is the case in Diabetes.

Retinal changes in Diabetes – deposits in Patterns

“A high sugar concentration in the blood of diabetic patients makes the blood vessels to become porous, it comes to tiny hemorrhages, in addition to yellowish deposits occur often in certain geometric configurations,” reports the eye doctor who has examined in the course of its activity already at about 125,000 patients, the fundus of the eye.

This bleeding, vascular changes, and deposits say a lot about how long the disease has existed and how severe the Diabetes is. And often, the eye doctor is the first one to make a patient aware that he has Diabetes. For Diabetes typical changes then, if you have had diabetes for four to six years, but has not been treated.

However, for diabetics who are receiving therapy, the condition of the blood vessels in the eyes, a great background to the role. They give an indication of how well the sugar is controlled. The eye reflection is used in this context to the control Treatment. The therapy uses duration to little, increase the damage to the retina and diabetic retinopathy is caused.

The traces of high blood pressure, arteriosclerosis and fat metabolism disorders

Most frequently, the eye doctor looks in the back of the eye the signs of high blood pressure and arteriosclerosis, which are defined depending on the stages of this disease in different ways:

  • Waves lungs of the arteries
  • Crossing signs, these are typical changes of vessels at the Intersection of veins and arteries
  • Caliber fluctuations, so striking Narrow – and wide-positions of the vessels
  • Copper wire to silver wire arteries, the call is symptomatic of the degree of hardening of the vessels

Hand-in-Hand with these developments, deposits in the retina that indicate lipid metabolism disorders (hyperlipidemia) or high blood fat levels often go

“In the back of the eye, pathological vascular changes and deposits, so the risk for blood circulation problems and resulting function loss is great”, warns the expert. The risk to experience a heart attack or stroke, is significantly increased.