Autism, cot death, opponents: Popular Impfmythen in fact check

Inoculation as a duty? The debate has inflamed to measles outbreaks in schools. There are sometimes too few children are immunized. It comes Vaccinate, it is quickly emotional. Arguments of Impfbefürworten meeting to the Statements of Impfgegnern. What is true and what is not?

ASSERTION: There are always more opponents.

RATING: That’s not true.

FACTS: The Federal centre for health education investigates on a regular basis the setting for the Vaccinations. The most recent survey of 2016 shows that the proportion of Impfbefürworter has risen from 69 percent in 2014 to 77 percent in 2016. The proportion of respondents with reservations against vaccinations has decreased significantly, from 25 percent in 2014 to 18 percent in 2016. The proportion of respondents with a negative or rather negative attitude has fallen slightly, from 6 per cent in 2014 to 5 percent in 2016.

STATEMENT: If you can vaccinate, you can break out of the disease.

ASSESSMENT: This is wrong – with extremely rare exceptions.

FACTS: "The majority of vaccines today, vaccines, where only parts of the pathogen vorkommen", Klaus Cichutek, President, Paul explains-Ehrlich-Institute (PEI). In this means no increase so be eligible for pathogens that may cause diseases. In contrast, there are live vaccines, containing weakened versions of the pathogen. Examples of this are vaccinations against measles, Mumps, rubella, and yellow fever. "These pathogens can vermehren&quot limited;, Cichutek says. "But you can no longer trigger the corresponding infectious disease."

There are, however, exceptions: abroad it could be three to four million with the Polio live vaccine, it is given in Germany – immunized people to come in a cut in a human back mutations, says Cichutek. That is to say, that this person really gets the vaccination of Polio. This is a very rare risk but tolerated to be able to free the world of Polio eradication – and to keep even more people from death or lifelong disabilities.

In the case of measles, there is also a special feature. So about 5 to 15 percent of the Vaccinated would get, especially after the first measles immunization so-called "Impfmasern" with moderate fever, fleeting rash, and symptoms in the area of the respiratory tract. Usually this happens in the second week after the vaccination. Impfmasern are not contagious and caused only mild symptoms, the self-decay.

CLAIM: to have His child vaccinated, it helps the company.

EVALUATION: This is true.

FACTS: The community protection, the so-called herd immunity, according to a statement on the website of the Robert Koch Institute, an important advantage of Vaccinate. A man shot and with vaccination only themselves, but also, indirectly, the other. If enough people were vaccinated, and no longer could spread a pathogen in the population. It is only then that infants or Pregnant women are protected, can not be vaccinated, for example against measles.

CLAIM: vaccinations can cause autism, allergies and Sudden infant death syndrome.

ASSESSMENT: This is wrong.

FACTS: "The rumor, in particular, the measles vaccine could cause autism, zurück&quot on a study of only twelve children;, Klaus Cichutek, President of the Paul-Ehrlich-Institute. The study by a British doctor, however, had been methodologically flawed that the magazine "The Lancet" the publication from the year 1998 in the year of 2011 have drawn. The author has lost his license as a doctor in the UK. Among other things, because conflicts of interest had been demonstrated. "There is no evidence of a connection between vaccines and Autismus", Cichutek said.

The same is true for allergies. As a proof of this applies, inter alia, that there was in the GDR, in spite of vaccination, hardly allergies. There is even evidence to suggest that vaccination can reduce the risk for Allergy development.

Also if there is sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been demonstrated no connection with vaccinations. Rather, these deaths decreased cases in Germany, in spite of new combination vaccines. So about 1.5 infants per 1,000 children died, according to the health statistics of the Federal government in 1991, the Sudden infant death syndrome. Since the introduction of combination vaccines, in 2002 the number of cases fell up to the most recent Figures for 2013 to 0.2 of SIDS deaths per 1000 children. "SIDS occurs in early Childhood and in the time of your life children geimpft&quot be;, Cichutek says. Therefore, it could be purely coincidental to the cases of SIDS in temporal Association with vaccination.

ASSERTION: If women are vaccinated before pregnancy, protect your Baby.

EVALUATION: This is true at least for some vaccinations.

FACTS: Prior to the birth of the contactor are transferred antibodies from the mother to the child. Newborn have, according to the website of the Robert Koch-Institut against this pathogen, a certain degree of protection. Breastfeeding support this nest protection. But there are differences. In the case of diseases such as measles vaccination stimulate the immune system of the mother less than a previous natural infection. In the case of other diseases, such as Tetanus or diphtheria a nest protection was only in newborns of vaccinated mothers, not in babies of mothers who have made an infection. In the case of some infectious diseases, there are no nest protection, for example, in the case of whooping cough.

STATEMENT: vaccination is a burden for the immune system of small children is much too high, because it is not yet fully developed.

ASSESSMENT: This is wrong.

FACTS: "The immune system of small children is equipped with disease auseinanderzusetzen&quot pathogens;, Klaus Cichutek, President of the Paul-Ehrlich-Institute. The human immune system to develop through Training. "This Training should start as early as possible, with a safe Trainingspartner", he supplemented. Vaccines included. True pathogens were without a trained immune system is very dangerous, life is dangerous. "You can at any age zuschlagen", supplemented Cichutek.

STATEMENT: Against Polio, you don’t need no vaccine because of the disease.

RATING: That’s not true.

FACTS: Polio (Polio) in Germany after the great polio vaccine campaign, starting in 1962, and today is thought to have been eradicated. The last in Germany, acquired Poliomyelitis was recorded according to the data of the Robert Koch-Institute in 1990. The last two imported cases (from Egypt and India) were registered in 1992. Despite the global decline of Poliomyelitis but a risk of introduction of polio virus could be not completely excluded. The vaccination is as long as necessary, until nowhere in the world more polio virus circulated.

Today in Germany, no oral vaccination with live vaccine, but inactive vaccine injected. So there is no risk of a disease by this vaccine. In countries with high Polio risk, the world health organization WHO, however, on the polio vaccine. You have the advantage of immunizing the resignation of attenuated vaccine Viruses in the environment, says Klaus Cichutek, President of the Paul-Ehrlich-Institute.

ALLEGATION: the measles has to go through, which also strengthens the body.

ASSESSMENT: This is wrong.

FACTS: measles is far from harmless. One-third to one-half of the cases that have been reported to the Robert Koch-Institute, had to be treated in the hospital. Because measles virus can suppress immune the immune system, allowing other pathogens to come to the train and, for example, a pneumonia cause. Per year to be registered in Germany, according to the health reporting an average of 4 to 7 deaths due to a measles infection. Before the introduction of the vaccination were registered in Germany, around 100 deaths per year.

ASSERTION: Some vaccinations can also protect against certain other diseases or sequelae.

RATING: That’s right.

FACTS: vaccinations can protect according to the findings of the Robert Koch Institute, not only from the disease itself, but from complications and sequelae. In the case of measles, for example, meningeal inflammation are avoided, which are caused by the measles virus. Or lung inflammation, which can occur when measles virus weaken the immune system for a certain period of time.

Vaccination against Influenza reduces for example the risk of a bacterial inflammation of the lungs or of heart attack and stroke, which can occur as a complication after an influenza infection. In the age of the child given a vaccination against chickenpox protects indirectly against shingles. Without vaccination, chicken pox virus remain after an infection in the body and could cause after decades of the very painful shingles.

STATEMENT: It is difficult to report side effects of vaccinations. Therefore, they are in many cases still not correctly known.

ASSESSMENT: This is wrong.

FACT: Before a vaccine is approved, safety and efficacy, according to the Paul-Ehrlich-Institut demonstrated in clinical trials. Even after the admission of suspected cases must be reported on side effects and Impfkomplikationen to the PEI. For the notification of suspected cases since 2001 for members of the health professions a commitment to the infection protection act, as it exists for pharmaceutical companies according to pharmaceutical law.

Since 2012 also Affected can report the suspected complications. All messages will be forwarded to the European medicines Agency EMA. An example of the consequences of this multi-layered Monitoring and alarm system, a vaccination against a certain Form of inflammation of the brain (TBE) by tick bites. Following the reports of very high fever as a not already, this vaccine was withdrawn in 2001 from the market. The vaccine was modified after that, and re-approved.

STATEMENT: pharmaceutical companies make on vaccines is extremely a lot of money.

REVIEW: you can not say so flat.

FACTS: The vaccine production is in the industry as far less lucrative than the development of some of the other drugs. According to the Paul-Ehrlich-Institute, there are worldwide only a few companies that vaccines produce at all. The production was extremely time-consuming, to take, depending on the vaccine, between a few months up to two years and requires specialists. In addition to quality tests and checks during the production process there is in the case of vaccines, a governmental batch testing. A Batch does not meet all the required criteria, it should be discarded. This could affect a very large quantities – and a corresponding loss for the pharmaceutical company.