Racial representation in ob-gyn residency varies

Racial representation in ob-gyn residency Varies

Black and Hispanic residents are more common in obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN) than in surgical and nonsurgical specialties, according to a research letter published online May 19 in JAMA Network Open.

Claudia L. López, M.D., from the University of California at Davis, and colleagues evaluated the current composition and trends in race and ethnicity among OBGYN, surgical, and nonsurgical residents. The analysis included 520,116 U.S. medical residents identified from the JAMA Medical Education reports (2014 to 2019).

The researchers found that for each year, OBGYN, surgical, and nonsurgical residents most commonly identified as White (2014 to 2015: 59.3 percent), followed by Asian (2014 to 2015: 26.6 percent), while Native American or Alaskan Native and Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander residents were the least represented in all residency categories (2014 to 2015: 0.3 percent). Each year, there was a higher proportion of OBGYN residents who identified as Black or Hispanic versus the proportion for surgical and nonsurgical specialties. During the five-year period, among OBGYN residents, there was a decrease observed in White residents (odds ratio, 0.96) and Black residents (odds ratio, 0.93) and an increase in those categorized as other or unknown race/ethnicity (odds ratio, 1.26).

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